MO.1.B || Transformation Towards Future Mobility
Lozanovski, Aleksandar; Geß, Andreas; Held, Michael
Future mobility needs to shift towards low carbon solutions. But there are many possibilities for different powertrains and fuel options available right now. Furthermore, there might be different answers on suitable options today and in the future depending on technical development of the powertrains as well as the manufacturing of the vehicles and the future energy supply. Life Cycle Assessment is generally a good possibility to identify low carbon solutions. But many LCAs of future mobility just change some of the determining parameters towards future values and can only answer a part of the questions. To bring some light into possible future mobility solutions, various powertrain options for the year 2040 are assessed. The main goal is to change as many parameters as possible towards 2040 boundary conditions. This includes the evaluation towards the 2040 technical development of various Powertrains like ICE with different hybridisation (mild 48V, full hybridised, plug-in) fuelled with synthetic diesel, gasoline and methane, next to battery and fuel cell electrified powertrains. The consumption is simulated using the 2040 expected state of the art technology. Fuel and energy provision is done with 2040 fuel production efficiency and scenarios for expected electricity provision. Next to this, the production of the vehicles is changed towards expected 2040 status as well. Major materials used in the vehicle production as metals for example are adapted towards 2040. Low GWP steel production using renewable hydrogen is used, as well as aluminium, lithium, nickel, manganese, cobalt and platinum production with future electricity mix. Within the presentation technical parameters and first results of the LCA will be shown.